J-1 Research Scholar / Professor
The J-1 visa allows universities to sponsor international researchers and professors to participate in educational and cultural programs in the United States. This category has a maximum stay of five years and is primarily used by researchers (postdoctoral and postgraduate appointments, and visiting faculty. This visa category takes the least amount of time to process. The researcher / professor may become subject to the two year home country residency requirement. Spouses which hold dependent status (J-2) may apply for work authorization.
J-1 Short Term Scholar
Very similar to the J-1 Research Scholar / Professor category with the exception that this visa category has a maximum stay of six months.
H-1B Temporary Worker
A temporary worker visa designated for individuals coming temporarily to the United States to work in a specialty occupation. This visa category has a maximum stay of six years, and the visa is employer and position specific. At KU, this visa is most commonly used for tenure-track faculty and associate researcher positions. The processing time is lengthy (4-6 months) and there is a wage threshold requirement.
A temporary worker visa designated for individuals of extraordinary ability in the sciences, education, business, arts or athletics. Applicants must demonstrate sustained national and/or international acclaim and recognition for achievements. At the moment International Programs will only consider tenure-track faculty appointments. Application material must be assembled by applicant and department, which can take several months. There are few advantages over the H-1B visa.
Enables Canadian and Mexican citizens to be admitted to the United States to engage in "business activities at a professional level" in certain occupations. The applicant must be employed by KU and profession must be on the NAFTA list. Spouses in TD status are not permitted to work.
F-1 Optional Practical Training
For those in F-1 status who have completed a degree program in the United States and have received employment authorization from USCIS to work in a field related to their field of study. The maximum period of employment is twelve months. The degree granting institution maintains immigration advising responsibilities.
B Visitor visa
The B-1 visa is for a visitor coming to the United States generally for short term business. The B-2 visa is generally for pleasure or medical treatment. This visa category has restrictive criteria on payment of honoraria and/or reimbursement of expenses.